Bergamot Essential Oil: Properties, Uses, Cautions, and Recipes

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What is Bergamot?

Bergamot is from the citrus family that includes lemons and oranges. In fact, Bergamot is a cross between a lemon and an orange. The Bergamot fruit is green on the outside and yellow in color on the inside and pear-like in shape. It’s scientific name is Citrus bergamia. You’ll find Bergamot growing naturally in tropical areas as well as in Europe. The name Bergamot actually comes from the city of Bergamo in Italy where it was first sold.

An interesting fact about Bergamot is that it is used to make Earl Grey tea (source). That’s right. Earl Grey tea is made by adding Bergamot to black tea.

Earl Grey Tea Essential Oil Recipe

Bergamot Essential Oil Properties

The properties of Bergamot essential oil make it an analgesic, antibiotic, antiseptic, antidepressant, deodorant, vulnerary, vermifuge, disinfectant, sedative, antispasmodic, febrifuge, and cicatrizant.

Bergamot essential oil’s active chemical components include myrcene, limonene, a-pinene, a-bergaptene, b-bisabolene, nerol, linalool, geraniol, and a-terpineol.

The essential oil from Bergamot is made by cold pressing instead of through steam distillation.

The presence of bergaptene makes Bergamot photo-sensitive. This means that if you apply Bergamot topically, your skin will also be sensitive to the sun, so you’ll need to stay away from the sun for 72 hours after application. This is actually true for most essential oils from the citrus family.

Bergamot Essential Oil Top Uses

Bergamot essential oil is primarily used for these things.

  • Natural deodorant
  • Repel mosquitoes
  • Earl Grey tea
  • Improves blood circulation
  • Balances hormones
  • Protects skin from infections
  • Makes hair shiny
  • Pain reducer
  • Reduces stress and anxiety
  • Reduces fevers
  • Heals skin scars and blemishes including those from acne
  • Eczema and psoriasis
  • Massage oil

How to Use Bergamot Essential Oil

Add 3 to 4 drops of Bergamot to your diffuser to help ease your worries and increase your positive thoughts.

Make a massage oil by mixing 2 drops of Bergamot to 2 teaspoons of a carrier oil for topical application. Massage over tense and tight muscles to help them relax and reduce pain.

Where to Buy Bergamot Essential Oil

Plant Therapy makes a cold pressed Bergamot essential oil that is bergaptine free meaning you can use this oil safely in the sun.

Dilution Chart

Please refer to this dilution chart when diluting your essential oils. It is recommended that you dilute any essential oil that you use regardless of brand. Essential oils are strong and very potent and many can and do cause skin sensitivity, especially with children.

Plant Therapy has this awesome dilution chart you can reference.

You can download a free PDF version here or purchase the magnet here.

For babies, dilute at 0.5% or even 0.25% (half of the 0.5% amount. So, use 3 drops of your essential oil and dilute it in 4 teaspoons of carrier oil for 0.5% or 8 teaspoons of carrier oil for 0.25%.

Use the 1% dilution ratio for daily use. Mix 3 essential oil drops for every 2 teaspoons of carrier oil.

If you need a stronger dose for a short period of time, use the 5% dilution ratio by adding 15 essential oil drops for every 2 teaspoons of carrier oil.

For really, really severe situations, you can up it to 10 percent dilution ratio for small acute areas of concern. For this, you would mix 15 essential oil drops for every teaspoon of carrier oil.

Recommended Essential Oil Brands

Because essential oils have therapeutic properties that make them so useful in our lives, you want to make sure that the essential oils you purchase are pure and contain all of the healing components that you are looking for. Unfortunately, there are some unscrupulous companies out there that sell diluted oils or even fake oils that will do you harm if you use them for therapeutic purposes.

The companies that I recommend and who consistently receive positive reviews on their essential oils are these:

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